19.5.09

important precautions...

some important facts about the spreading flu...

What is Influenza A(H1N1)?

Swine Influenza, or "swine flu", is a highly contagious acute respiratorydisease of pigs, caused by one of several swine influenza A viruses. The virusis spread among pigs by aerosols, direct and indirect contact, and asymptomaticcarrier pigs. Outbreaks in pigs occur year round, with an increased incidence inthe fall and winter in temperate zones. Many countries routinely vaccinate swinepopulations against swine influenza.

How do people become infected?

People usually get swine influenza from infected pigs, however, some human caseslack contact history with pigs or environments where pigs have been located.Human- to- human transmission has occured in some instances but was limited toclose contacts and closed groups of people.

Is it safe to eat pork and pork products?

Yes. Influenza A(H1N1) has not been shown to be transmissible to people througheating properly handled and prepared pork (pig meat) or other products derivedfrom pigs. The Influenza A(H1N1) virus is killed by cooking temperatures of 160degrees fahrenheit/70 degrees celsius corresponding to the general guidance forthe preparation of pork and other meat.

Signs and Symptoms of Influenza A(H1N1) in Humans

* Fever
* Lack of appetite
* Coughing
* Runny Nose
* Sore throat
* Nausea/ Vomiting
* Diarrhea

How can I protect myself from getting Influenza A(H1N1) from infected people?

1. Avoid close contact with people who appear unwell and who have fever andcough.
2. Wash your hands with soap and water frequently and thoroughly.
3. Practice good health habits including adequate sleep, eating nutritiousfoods, and keeping physically active.

If there is an ill person at home:

1. Try to provide the ill person a separate section in the house.
2. Keep the patient at least 2 meters in distance from others.
3. Cover mouth and nose when caring for the ill person.
4. Wash your hands with soap and water thoroughly after each contact with theill person.
5. Keep the environment clean with readily available household cleaning agents.

What should I do if I think I have Influenza A(H1N1)?

If you feel unwell, have high fever, cough and/or sore throat:

1. Stay at home and keep away from work, school or crowds as much as possible.
2. Cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissues when coughing and sneezingand dispose of the used tissues properly.
3. Wash your hands with soap and water frequently and thoroughly, especiallyafter coughing or sneezing.
4. Contact your doctor or healthcare provider before travelling to see them andreport your symptoms. Explain why you think you have swine influenza. Explainwhy you think you have swine influenza ( for example, if you have recentlytravelled to a country where there is a swine influenza outbreak in humans).

Follow the advice given to you for care.

--courtesy of PNYC
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